关于为什么会有深拷贝和浅拷贝,实际上就是基本类型和引用类型的问题,可以参考我这篇文章:JS进阶】你真的掌握变量和类型了吗

浅拷贝

我们用很多简单的方法都能实现浅拷贝:

arr.slice();
arr.concat();

深拷贝

我们也能用简单的办法实现深拷贝:

JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(obj))

手动实现:

代码解析后面放出来。

const mapTag = '[object Map]';
const setTag = '[object Set]';
const arrayTag = '[object Array]';
const objectTag = '[object Object]';
const argsTag = '[object Arguments]';

const boolTag = '[object Boolean]';
const dateTag = '[object Date]';
const numberTag = '[object Number]';
const stringTag = '[object String]';
const symbolTag = '[object Symbol]';
const errorTag = '[object Error]';
const regexpTag = '[object RegExp]';
const funcTag = '[object Function]';

const deepTag = [mapTag, setTag, arrayTag, objectTag, argsTag];


function forEach(array, iteratee) {
    let index = -1;
    const length = array.length;
    while (++index < length) {
        iteratee(array[index], index);
    }
    return array;
}

function isObject(target) {
    const type = typeof target;
    return target !== null && (type === 'object' || type === 'function');
}

function getType(target) {
    return Object.prototype.toString.call(target);
}

function getInit(target) {
    const Ctor = target.constructor;
    return new Ctor();
}

function cloneSymbol(targe) {
    return Object(Symbol.prototype.valueOf.call(targe));
}

function cloneReg(targe) {
    const reFlags = /\w*$/;
    const result = new targe.constructor(targe.source, reFlags.exec(targe));
    result.lastIndex = targe.lastIndex;
    return result;
}

function cloneFunction(func) {
    const bodyReg = /(?<={)(.|\n)+(?=})/m;
    const paramReg = /(?<=\().+(?=\)\s+{)/;
    const funcString = func.toString();
    if (func.prototype) {
        const param = paramReg.exec(funcString);
        const body = bodyReg.exec(funcString);
        if (body) {
            if (param) {
                const paramArr = param[0].split(',');
                return new Function(...paramArr, body[0]);
            } else {
                return new Function(body[0]);
            }
        } else {
            return null;
        }
    } else {
        return eval(funcString);
    }
}

function cloneOtherType(targe, type) {
    const Ctor = targe.constructor;
    switch (type) {
        case boolTag:
        case numberTag:
        case stringTag:
        case errorTag:
        case dateTag:
            return new Ctor(targe);
        case regexpTag:
            return cloneReg(targe);
        case symbolTag:
            return cloneSymbol(targe);
        case funcTag:
            return cloneFunction(targe);
        default:
            return null;
    }
}

function clone(target, map = new WeakMap()) {

    // 克隆原始类型
    if (!isObject(target)) {
        return target;
    }

    // 初始化
    const type = getType(target);
    let cloneTarget;
    if (deepTag.includes(type)) {
        cloneTarget = getInit(target, type);
    } else {
        return cloneOtherType(target, type);
    }

    // 防止循环引用
    if (map.get(target)) {
        return target;
    }
    map.set(target, cloneTarget);

    // 克隆set
    if (type === setTag) {
        target.forEach(value => {
            cloneTarget.add(clone(value));
        });
        return cloneTarget;
    }

    // 克隆map
    if (type === mapTag) {
        target.forEach((value, key) => {
            cloneTarget.set(key, clone(value));
        });
        return cloneTarget;
    }

    // 克隆对象和数组
    const keys = type === arrayTag ? undefined : Object.keys(target);
    forEach(keys || target, (value, key) => {
        if (keys) {
            key = value;
        }
        cloneTarget[key] = clone(target[key], map);
    });

    return cloneTarget;
}
Last Updated: 8/30/2019, 8:48:02 PM